A two part transaction, where Part-1 is a distribution and Part 2 is a rollover contribution. The distribution is typically paid to the participant. The rollover contribution must be made to an eligible retirement plan within 60-days of the participant receiving the distribution.
IRC § Treas. Reg. §1.401(a)(31)-1, IRS instructions for filing Forms 1099-R and 5498
Additional Helpful Information
- Rollover eligible amounts that are processed as Indirect rollovers are subject to withholding.
- If the distribution is being made from a qualified plan, 403(b) or 457(b) plan, and the amount is rollover eligible, the payor must withhold 20% for federal taxes.
- In order to avoid the 20% withholding, the participant must have the transaction processed as a direct rollover
- The distribution side of a direct rollover is reported on IRS Form 1099-R. If the receiving plan is an IRA, the rollover contribution ( receiving) side it is reported on IRS Form 5498