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Old Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance Program ( OASDI)

Last Updated March 19, 2009

Definition

United States program which provides protection against the loss of earnings due to retirement, death, or disability. The OASDI program consists of two separate parts which pay monthly benefits to workers and their families:

1. Old-Age and Survivors Insurance (OASI) and

2. Disability Insurance (DI).

Under OASI, monthly benefits are paid to retired workers and their families and to survivors of deceased workers. Under DI, monthly benefits are paid to disabled workers and their families.

Referring Cite

www.ssa.gov

Additional Helpful Information

  • The Board of Trustees was established under the Social Security Act to oversee the financial operations of the OASI and DI Trust Funds. The Board is composed of six members. Four members serve by virtue of their positions in the Federal Government: the Secretary of the Treasury, who is the Managing Trustee; the Secretary of Labor; the Secretary of Health and Human Services; and the Commissioner of Social Security. The other two members are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate to serve as public representatives. The Deputy Commissioner of the Social Security Administration (SSA) is designated as Secretary of the Board.
  • The Social Security Act requires that the Board, among other duties, report annually to the Congress on the financial and actuarial status of the OASI and DI Trust Funds.